Molecular Diagnostics Services, Inc.
A Contract Research Organization

DNA Staining

DNA staining is used primarily for cell cycle profiling or as one method for measuring apoptosis. Propidium iodide (PI), the most commonly used DNA stain, cannot enter live cells and can therefore be used for viability assays. For cell cycle assays using PI, cells must first be fixed in order for staining to take place. The relative quantity of PI-DNA staining corresponds to the proportion of cells in G0/G1, S, and G2/M phases, with lesser amounts of staining indicating apoptotic/necrotic cells and fragments. PI staining can be performed simultaneously with certain fluorochromes, such as FITC and GFP, in assays to further characterize apoptosis or gene expression.

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